Manual installation on a Raspberry Pi

This installation of Home Assistant requires the Raspberry Pi to run Raspbian Lite. The installation will be installed in a Virtual Environment with minimal overhead. Instructions assume this is a new installation of Raspbian Lite.

Connect to the Raspberry Pi over SSH. Default password is raspberry. You will need to enable SSH access. The Raspberry Pi website has instructions here.

Changing the default password is encouraged.

$ passwd

Update the system.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get upgrade -y

Install the dependencies.

$ sudo apt-get install python3 python3-venv python3-pip

Add an account for Home Assistant called homeassistant. Since this account is only for running Home Assistant the extra arguments of -rm is added to create a system account and create a home directory.

$ sudo useradd -rm homeassistant

Next we will create a directory for the installation of Home Assistant and change the owner to the homeassistant account.

$ cd /srv
$ sudo mkdir homeassistant
$ sudo chown homeassistant:homeassistant homeassistant

Next up is to create and change to a virtual environment for Home Assistant. This will be done as the homeassistant account.

$ sudo su -s /bin/bash homeassistant
$ cd /srv/homeassistant
$ python3 -m venv .
$ source bin/activate

Once you have activated the virtual environment you will notice the prompt change and then you can install Home Assistant.

(homeassistant) [email protected]:/srv/homeassistant $ pip3 install homeassistant

Start Home Assistant for the first time. This will complete the installation, create the .homeassistant configuration directory in the /home/homeassistant directory and install any basic dependencies.

(homeassistant) $ hass

You can now reach your installation on your Raspberry Pi over the web interface on http://ipaddress:8123.

When you run the hass command for the first time, it will download, install and cache the necessary libraries/dependencies. This procedure may take anywhere between 5 to 10 minutes. During that time, you may get “site cannot be reached” error when accessing the web interface. This will only happen for the first time, and subsequent restarts will be much faster.

If you want setup hass as a daemon and autostart it on boot please refer to [Autostart Home Assistant](/docs/autostart/].