Installation with Docker is straightforward. Adjust the following command so that
/path/to/your/config/ points at the folder where you want to store your config and run it:
$ docker run -d --name="home-assistant" -v /path/to/your/config:/config -v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro --net=host homeassistant/home-assistant
boot2docker on macOS you are unable to map the local time to your Docker container. Use
-e "TZ=America/Los_Angeles" instead of
-v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro. Replace “America/Los_Angeles” with your timezone.
Additionally, if your expectation is that you will be able to browse directly to
http://localhost:8123 on your macOS host, then you will also need to replace the
--net=host switch with
-p 8123:8123. This is currently the only way to forward ports on to your actual host (macOS) machine instead of the virtual machine inside
xhyve. More detail on this can be found in the docker forums.
$ docker run -d --name="home-assistant" -v /path/to/your/config:/config -e "TZ=America/Los_Angeles" -p 8123:8123 homeassistant/home-assistant
When running Home Assistant in Docker on Windows, you may have some difficulty getting ports to map for routing (since the
--net=host switch actually applies to the hypervisor’s network interface). To get around this, you will need to add port proxy ipv4 rules to your local Windows machine, like so (Replacing ‘192.168.1.10’ with whatever your Windows IP is, and ‘10.0.50.2’ with whatever your Docker container’s IP is):
netsh interface portproxy add v4tov4 listenaddress=192.168.1.10 listenport=8123 connectaddress=10.0.50.2 connectport=8123 netsh interface portproxy add v4tov4 listenaddress=0.0.0.0 listenport=8123 connectaddress=10.0.50.2 connectport=8123
This will let you access your Home Assistant portal from http://localhost:8123, and if you forward port 8123 on your router to your machine IP, the traffic will be forwarded on through to the docker container.
As Synology within DSM now supports Docker (with a neat UI), you can simply install Home Assistant using docker without the need for command-line. For details about the package (including compatibility-information, if your NAS is supported), see https://www.synology.com/en-us/dsm/app_packages/Docker
The steps would be:
- Install “Docker” package on your Synology NAS
- Launch Docker-app and move to “Registry”-section
- Find “homeassistant/home-assistant” with registry and click on “Download”
- Wait for some time until your NAS has pulled the image
- Move to the “Image”-section of the Docker-app
- Click on “Launch”
- Choose a container-name you want (e.g. “homeassistant”)
- Click on “Advanced Settings”
- Set “Enable auto-restart” if you like
- Within “Volume” click on “Add Folder” and choose either an existing folder or add a new folder. The “mount point” has to be “/config”, so that Home Assistant will use it for the configs and logs.
- Within “Network” select “Use same network as Docker Host”
- To ensure that Home Assistant displays the correct timezone go to the “Environment” tab and click the plus sign then add
Europe/Londonchoosing your correct timezone
- Confirm the “Advanced Settings”
- Click on “Next” and then “Apply”
- Your Home Assistant within Docker should now run and will serve the web interface from port 8123 on your Docker host (this will be your Synology NAS IP address - for example
Remark: to update your Home Assistant on your Docker within Synology NAS, you just have to do the following:
- Go to the Docker-app and move to “Image”-section
- Download the “homeassistant/home-assistant” image - don’t care, that it is already there
- wait until the system-message/-notification comes up, that the download is finished (there is no progress bar)
- Move to “Container”-section
- Stop your container if it’s running
- Right-click on it and select “Action”->”Clear”. You won’t lose any data, as all files are stored in your config-directory
- Start the container again - it will then boot up with the new Home Assistant image
Remark: to restart your Home Assistant within Synology NAS, you just have to do the following:
- Go to the Docker-app and move to “Container”-section
- Right-click on it and select “Action”->”Restart”.
If you want to use a USB Bluetooth adapter or Z-Wave USB Stick with Home Assistant on Synology Docker these instructions do not correctly configure the container to access the USB devices. To configure these devices on your Synology Docker Home Assistant you can follow the instructions provided here by Phil Hawthorne.
If you change the configuration you have to restart the server. To do that you have 2 options.
- You can go to the service developer tools, select the service
homeassistant/restartand click “Call Service”.
- Or you can restart it from a terminal by running
docker restart home-assistant
As the docker command becomes more complex, switching to
docker-compose can be preferable and support automatically restarting on failure or system restart. Create a
version: '3' services: web: image: homeassistant/home-assistant volumes: - /path/to/your/config:/config - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro restart: always network_mode: host
Then start the container with:
$ docker-compose up -d
In order to use z-wave, zigbee or other components that require access to devices, you need to map the appropriate device into the container. Ensure the user that is running the container has the correct privileges to access the
/dev/tty* file, then add the device mapping to your docker command:
$ docker run -d --name="home-assistant" -v /path/to/your/config:/config -v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro --device /dev/ttyUSB0:/dev/ttyUSB0 --net=host homeassistant/home-assistant
or in a
version: '3' services: web: image: homeassistant/home-assistant volumes: - /path/to/your/config:/config - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro devices: - /dev/ttyUSB0:/dev/ttyUSB0 - /dev/ttyUSB1:/dev/ttyUSB1 - /dev/ttyACM0:/dev/ttyACM0 restart: always network_mode: host