By default Home Assistant will try to detect your location and will automatically select a temperature unit and time zone based on your location. You can overwrite this by adding the following information to your
homeassistant: # Omitted values in this section will be auto detected using freegeoip.io # Location required to calculate the time the sun rises and sets latitude: 32.87336 longitude: 117.22743 # Impacts weather/sunrise data (altitude above sea level in meters) elevation: 430 # 'metric' for Metric, 'imperial' for Imperial unit_system: metric # Pick yours from here: # http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tz_database_time_zones time_zone: America/Los_Angeles # Name of the location where Home Assistant is running name: Home
The first thing you will want to add is a password for the web interface. Use your favourite text editor to open
configuration.yaml and edit the
http: api_password: YOUR_PASSWORD
If you are planning to expose your Home Assistant instance to the internet and don’t set a password then your installation could be accessed by everybody.
See the HTTP component documentation for more options like HTTPS encryption.
Home Assistant runs as a self-hosted web application and contains support to be added to your home screen. If you’re on Android you can follow the visual guide. For other devices, open Home Assistant on your mobile browser and tap the add to home screen option.
To make Home Assistant accessible while away from home, you will have to make it accessible.
The most common approach is to set up port forwarding from your router to port 8123 on the computer that is hosting Home Assistant. Instructions on how to do this can be found by searching
<Router model> port forwarding instructions.
The problem with making a port accessible is that some Internet service providers will only offer dynamic IPs. This can cause you to be unable to access Home Assistant while away. You can solve this by using a free Dynamic DNS service like DuckDNS.
Just putting a port up is not secure. You should definitely consider encrypting your traffic if you are accessing your Home Assistant installation remotely. For details please check the Set up encryption using Let’s Encrypt blog post.
If you want the very best security, check out the instructions how to use Tor to access your home.