MQTT JSON Light


The mqtt_json light platform lets you control a MQTT-enabled light that can receive JSON messages.

This platform supports on/off, brightness, RGB colors, transitions, and short/long flashing. The messages sent to/from the lights look similar to this, omitting fields when they aren’t needed:

{
  "brightness": 255,
  "color": {
    "g": 255,
    "b": 255,
    "r": 255
  },
  "transition": 2,
  "state": "ON"
}

In an ideal scenario, the MQTT device will have a state topic to publish state changes. If these messages are published with the RETAIN flag, the MQTT light will receive an instant state update after subscription and will start with the correct state. Otherwise, the initial state of the light will be off.

When a state topic is not available, the light will work in optimistic mode. In this mode, the light will immediately change state after every command. Otherwise, the light will wait for state confirmation from the device (message from state_topic).

Optimistic mode can be forced, even if state topic is available. Try enabling it if the light is operating incorrectly.

# Example configuration.yaml entry
light:
  - platform: mqtt_json
    command_topic: "home/rgb1/set"

Configuration variables:

  • command_topic (Required): The MQTT topic to publish commands to change the light’s state.
  • name (Optional): The name of the light. Default is “MQTT JSON Light.”
  • state_topic (Optional): The MQTT topic subscribed to receive state updates.
  • brightness (Optional): Flag that defines if the light supports brightness. Default is false.
  • rgb (Optional): Flag that defines if the light supports RGB colors. Default is false.
  • flash_time_short (Optional): The duration, in seconds, of a “short” flash. Default is 2.
  • flash_time_long (Optional): The duration, in seconds, of a “long” flash. Default is 10.
  • optimistic (Optional): Flag that defines if the light works in optimistic mode. Default is true if no state topic defined, else false.
  • qos (Optional): The maximum QoS level of the state topic. Default is 0 and will also be used to publishing messages.

Make sure that your topics match exact. some-topic/ and some-topic are different topics.

Examples

In this section you find some real life examples of how to use this sensor.

Brightness and RGB support

To enable a light with brightness and RGB support in your installation, add the following to your configuration.yaml file:

# Example configuration.yaml entry
light:
  - platform: mqtt_json
    name: mqtt_json_light_1
    state_topic: "home/rgb1"
    command_topic: "home/rgb1/set"
    brightness: true
    rgb: true

Brightness and no RGB support

To enable a light with brightness (but no color support) in your installation, add the following to your configuration.yaml file:

# Example configuration.yaml entry
light:
  - platform: mqtt_json
    name: mqtt_json_light_1
    state_topic: "home/rgb1"
    command_topic: "home/rgb1/set"
    brightness: true

Implementations

A full example of custom lighting using this platform and an ESP8266 microcontroller can be found here. It supports on/off, brightness, transitions, RGB colors, and flashing.