Z-Wave integration for Home Assistant allows you to observe and control connected Z-Wave devices. Z-Wave support requires a supported Z-Wave USB stick or module to be plugged into the host.

There is currently support for climate, covers, lights, locks, sensors, switches, and thermostats. All will be picked up automatically after configuring this platform.

Before configuring the Z-Wave setup, please take a moment and read this article to understand the most common pitfalls of Z-Wave networks.


As of version 0.45, Home Assistant automatically installs python-openzwave from PyPI as needed.

There is one dependency you will need to have installed ahead of time (included in systemd-devel on Fedora/RHEL systems):

$ sudo apt-get install libudev-dev


# Example configuration.yaml entry
  usb_path: /dev/ttyUSB0

Configuration variables:

  • usb_path (Optional): The port where your device is connected to your Home Assistant host.
  • network_key (Optional): The 16-byte network key in the form "0x01,0x02..." used in order to connect securely to compatible devices.
  • config_path (Optional): The path to the Python OpenZWave configuration files. Defaults to the ‘config’ that is installed by python-openzwave
  • autoheal (Optional): Allows disabling auto Z-Wave heal at midnight. Defaults to True.
  • polling_interval (Optional): The time period in milliseconds between polls of a nodes value. Be careful about using polling values below 30000 (30 seconds) as polling can flood the zwave network and cause problems.
  • device_config (Optional): This attribute contains node-specific override values. (For releases prior to 0.39 this variable is called customize) See Customizing devices and services for format:
    • polling_intensity (Optional): Enables polling of a value and sets the frequency of polling (0=none, 1=every time through the list, 2=every other time, etc). If not specified then your device will not be polled.
    • ignored (Optional): Ignore this entity completely. It won’t be shown in the Web Interface and no events are generated for it.
    • refresh_value (Optional): Enable refreshing of the node value. Only the light component uses this. Defaults to False.
    • delay (Optional): Specify the delay for refreshing of node value. Only the light component uses this. Defaults to 2 seconds.
    • invert_openclose_buttons (Optional): Inverts function of the open and close buttons for the cover domain. Defaults to False.
  • debug (Optional): Print verbose z-wave info to log. Defaults to False.
  • new_entity_ids (Optional): Switch to new entity_id generation. Defaults to True.

To find the path of your Z-Wave USB stick or module, run:

$ ls /dev/ttyUSB*

Or, if there is no result, try to find detailed USB connection info with:

$ dmesg | grep USB

Or, on some other systems (such as Raspberry Pi), use:

$ ls /dev/ttyACM*

# If Home Assistant (`hass`) runs with another user (e.g. *homeassistant* on Hassbian) give access to the stick with:
$ sudo usermod -a -G dialout homeassistant

Or, on some other systems (such as Pine 64), use:

$ ls /dev/ttyS*

Or, on macOS, use:

$ ls /dev/cu.usbmodem*

Depending on what’s plugged into your USB ports, the name found above may change. You can lock in a name, such as /dev/zwave, by following these instructions.

Adding Devices

To add a Z-Wave device to your system, go to the Z-Wave panel in the Home Assistant frontend and click the Add Node button in the Z-Wave Network Management card. This will place the controller in inclusion mode, after which you should activate your device to be included by following the instructions provided with the device.

Some Z-Wave controllers, like Aeotec ZW090 Z-Stick Gen5, have ability to add devices to the network using their own contol buttons. This method should be avoided as it is prone to errors. Devices added to the Z-Wave network using this method may not function well.

Adding Security Devices

Security Z-Wave devices require a network key before being added to the network using the Add Secure Node button in the Z-Wave Network Management card. You must set the network_key configuration variable to use a network key before adding these devices.

An easy script to generate a random key:

cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc '0-9A-F' | fold -w 32 | head -n 1 | sed -e 's/\(..\)/0x\1, /g'

Battery Powered Devices

Battery powered devices need to be awake before you can use the Z-Wave control panel to update their settings. How to wake your device is device specific, and some devices will stay awake for only a couple of seconds. Please refer to the manual of your device for more details.



Home Assistant will trigger an event when the Z-Wave network is complete, meaning all of the nodes on the network have been queried. This can take quite some time, depending on wakeup intervals on the battery-powered devices on the network.

 - alias: Z-Wave network is complete
     platform: event
     event_type: zwave.network_complete


Home Assistant will trigger an event when the Z-Wave network is ready for use. Between zwave.network_start and zwave.network_ready Home Assistant will feel sluggish when trying to send commands to Z-Wave nodes. This is because the controller is requesting information from all of the nodes on the network. When this is triggered, all awake nodes have been queried and sleeping nodes will be queried when they awake.

 - alias: Z-Wave network is ready
     platform: event
     event_type: zwave.network_ready


Home Assistant will trigger an event when the Z-Wave network is set up to be started.

 - alias: Z-Wave network is starting
     platform: event
     event_type: zwave.network_start


Home Assistant will trigger an event when the Z-Wave network is stopping.

 - alias: Z-Wave network is stopping
     platform: event
     event_type: zwave.network_stop


Home Assistant will trigger an event when command_class_basic changes value on a node. This can be virtually anything, so tests have to be made to determine what value equals what. You can use this for automations.


 - alias: Minimote Button Pressed
     platform: event
     event_type: zwave.node_event
       entity_id: zwave.aeon_labs_minimote_1
       basic_level: 255

The object_id and basic_level of all triggered events can be seen in the console output.


Some devices can also trigger scene activation events, which can be used in automation scripts (for example, the press of a button on a wall switch):

# Example configuration.yaml automation entry
  - alias: Turn on Desk light
      platform: event
      event_type: zwave.scene_activated
        entity_id: zwave.zwaveme_zme_wallcs_secure_wall_controller_8
        scene_id: 11

Some devices (like the HomeSeer wall switches) allow you to do things like double, and triple click the up and down buttons and fire an event. These devices will also send scene_data to differentiate the events. This is an example of double clicking the on/up button:

# Example configuration.yaml automation entry
  - alias: 'Dining room dimmer - double tap up'
      - event_type: zwave.scene_activated
        platform: event
          entity_id: zwave.dining_room_cans
          scene_id: 1
          scene_data: 3

The object_id and scene_id of all triggered events can be seen in the console output.

For more information on HomeSeer devices and similar devices, please see the device specific page.


The zwave component exposes multiple services to help maintain the network.

Service Description
add_node Put the Z-Wave controller in inclusion mode. Allows one to add a new device to the Z-Wave network.
add_node_secure Put the Z-Wave controller in secure inclusion mode. Allows one to add a new device with secure communications to the Z-Wave network.
cancel_command Cancels a running Z-Wave command. If you have started a add_node or remove_node command, and decide you are not going to do it, then this must be used to stop the inclusion/exclusion command.
change_association Add or remove an association in the Z-Wave network
heal_network Tells the controller to “heal” the Z-Wave network. Basically asks the nodes to tell the controller all of their neighbors so the controller can refigure out optimal routing.
print_config_parameter Prints Z-Wave node’s config parameter value to the log.
print_node Print all state of Z-Wave node.
refresh_entity Refresh Z-Wave entity by refreshing dependent values.
refresh_node Refresh Z-Wave node.
remove_node Put the Z-Wave controller in exclusion mode. Allows one to remove a device from the Z-Wave network.
rename_node Sets a node’s name. Requires a node_id and name field.
rename_value Sets a value’s name. Requires a node_id, value_id, and name field.
remove_failed_node Remove a failed node from the network. The Node should be on the controller’s Failed Node List, otherwise this command will fail.
replace_failed_node Replace a failed device with another. If the node is not in the controller’s Failed Node List, or the node responds, this command will fail.
reset_node_meters Reset a node’s meter values. Only works if the node supports this.
set_config_parameter Lets the user set a config parameter to a node. NOTE: Use string for list values. For all others use integer.
soft_reset Tells the controller to do a “soft reset.” This is not supposed to lose any data, but different controllers can behave differently to a “soft reset” command.
start_network Starts the Z-Wave network.
stop_network Stops the Z-Wave network.
test_network Tells the controller to send no-op commands to each node and measure the time for a response. In theory, this can also bring back nodes which have been marked “presumed dead.”

The soft_reset and heal_network commands can be used as part of an automation script to help keep a Z-Wave network running reliably as shown in the example below. By default, Home Assistant will run a heal_network at midnight. This is a configuration option for the zwave component. The option defaults to true but can be disabled by setting autoheal to false. Using the soft_reset function with some Z-Wave controllers can cause the Z-Wave network to hang. If you’re having issues with your Z-Wave network, try disabling this automation.

# Example configuration.yaml automation entry
  - alias: soft reset at 2:30am
      platform: time
      at: '2:30:00'
      service: zwave.soft_reset

  - alias: heal at 2:31am
      platform: time
      at: '2:31:00'
      service: zwave.heal_network