Owntracks


This platform allows you to detect presence using Owntracks. OwnTracks allows users to track their location on Android and iOS phones and publish it to an MQTT broker. This platform will connect to the broker and monitor for new locations.

This component requires the MQTT component to be set up and works very well together with the zone component.

To integrate Owntracks in Home Assistant, add the following section to your configuration.yaml file:

# Example configuration.yaml entry
device_tracker:
  - platform: owntracks

Configuration variables:

  • max_gps_accuracy (Optional): Sometimes Owntracks can report GPS location with a very low accuracy (few kilometers). That can trigger false zoning in your Home Assistant installation. With the parameter, you can filter these GPS reports. The number has to be in meter. For example, if you put 200 only GPS report with an accuracy under 200 will be take in account.
  • waypoints (Optional): Owntracks users can define waypoints (a.k.a regions) which are similar in spirit to Home Assistant zones. If this configuration variable is True, the Owntracks users who are in waypoint_whitelist can export waypoints from the device and Home Assistant will import them as zone definitions. Defaults to True.
  • waypoint_whitelist (Optional): A list of user names (as defined for Owntracks) who can export their waypoints from Owntracks to Home Assistant. Defaults to all users who are connected to Home Assistant via Owntracks.

A full sample configuration for the owntracks platform is shown below:

# Example configuration.yaml entry
device_tracker:
  - platform: owntracks
    max_gps_accuracy: 200
    waypoints: True
    waypoint_whitelist:
      - jon
      - ram

Using Owntracks with other device trackers

Owntracks can also be used with other device trackers, such as Nmap or Netgear. To do this, fill in the mac field to the Owntracks entry in known_devices.yaml with the MAC address of the device you want to track. This way the state of the device will be determined by the source that reported last. The naming convention for known device list is <username>_<device-id> and could be set in app configuration. More details about this config can found in device tracker.

Using Owntracks regions

Owntracks can track regions, and send region entry and exit information to Home Assistant (HA). You set up a region in the Owntracks app which you should name the same as your HA Zone, and then make sure to turn on the share option for the region in the owntracks app. Please see the owntracks documentation.

Home Assistant will use the enter and leave messages to set your zone location. Your location will be set to the center of zone when you enter. Location updates from OwnTracks will be ignored while you are inside a zone.

When you exit a zone, Home Assistant will start using location updates to track you again. To make sure that Home Assistant correctly exits a zone (which it calculates based on your GPS co-ordinates), you may want to set your Zone radius in HA to be slightly smaller that the Owntracks region radius.

Using Owntracks regions - forcing Owntracks to update using iBeacons

When run in the usual significant changes mode (which is kind to your phone battery), Owntracks sometimes doesn’t update your location as quickly as you’d like when you arrive at a zone. This can be annoying if you want to trigger an automation when you get home. You can improve the situation using iBeacons.

iBeacons are simple bluetooth devices that send out an “I’m here” message. They are supported by IOS and some Android devices. Owntracks explain more here.

When you enter an iBeacon region, Owntracks will send a region enter message to HA as described above. So if you want to have an event triggered when you arrive home, you can put an iBeacon outside your front door. If you set up an OwnTracks iBeacon region called home then getting close to the beacon will trigger an update to HA that will set your zone to be home.

When you exit an iBeacon region HA will switch back to using GPS to determine your location. Depending on the size of your zone, and the accuracy of your GPS location this may change your HA zone.

Sometimes Owntracks will lose connection with an iBeacon for a few seconds. If you name your beacon starting with - Owntracks will wait longer before deciding it has exited the beacon zone. HA will ignore the - when it matches the Owntracks region with Zones. So if you call your Owntracks region -home then HA will recognise it as home, but you will have a more stable iBeacon connection.

Using Owntracks iBeacons to track devices

iBeacons don’t need to be stationary. You could put one on your key ring, or in your car.

When your phone sees a mobile iBeacon that it knows about, it will tell HA the location of that iBeacon. If your phone moves while you are connected to the iBeacon, HA will update the location of the iBeacon. But when your phone loses the connection, HA will stop updating the iBeacon location.

To use mobile iBeacons with HA, you just set up a region that doesn’t match your Zone names. If HA sees an entry event for a iBeacon region that doesn’t match a Zone name (say keys) - it will start tracking it, calling the device device_tracker.beacon_keys).

This allows you to write zone automations for devices that can’t track themselves (for example alert me if I leave the house and my keys are still at home). Another example would be open the gates if my car arrives home.

Using mobile and fixed iBeacons together

You can use iBeacons of both types together, so if you have a Zone drive with an iBeacon region called -drive and you arrive home with a mobile iBeacon called -car, then device_tracker.beacon_car will be set to a state of drive.

Importing Owntracks waypoints as zones

By default, any Owntracks user connected to Home Assistant can export their waypoint definitions (from the Export - Export to Endpoint menu item) which will then be translated to zone definitions in Home Assistant. The zones will be named <user>-<device> - <waypoint name>. This functionality can be controlled in 2 ways:

  1. The configuration variable waypoints can be set to False which will disable importing waypoints for all users.
  2. The configuration variable waypoint_whitelist can contain a list of users who are allowed to import waypoints.