Run local scripts


Hass.io is a managed environment, which means that you can’t install applications that can be embedded into Home Assistant using the command_line sensor/switch.

There are three options if you need to run a script to read data from a sensor or send commands to other devices on Hass.io.

The first option is to write a custom component for Home Assistant. Using Python, you can communicate with your device. For more information about developing a custom component, take a look at the developer documentation.

The second option is to use STDIN inside add-on and use the service hassio.addon_stdin to send data. More about this options look into developer documentation for internal add-on communication. There is also describe how do you can easy access to Home-Assistant Rest API.

The third option is to make a local add-on for Hass.io that sends the data to Home Assistant via MQTT. Before we dive into this, read up on Hass.io add-on development first.

For security and speed, Hass.io does not provide a way for containers to communicate directly. So the first step is to set up a communication channel. We’re going to use MQTT for this using the MQTT broker add-on.

Sensors

We loop in our script to fetch data and push it to MQTT and wait until the next process is ready. Here is a basic example and structure for that process.

Our Dockerfile need to install:

RUN apk --no-cache add jq mosquitto-clients

Now we can process it with run.sh:

#!/bin/bash
set -e

CONFIG_PATH=/data/options.json

# possible options for processing
MQTT_SERVER=$(jq --raw-output '.server' $CONFIG_PATH)
MQTT_PORT=$(jq --raw-output '.port' $CONFIG_PATH)
TOPIC=$(jq --raw-output '.topic' $CONFIG_PATH)
USER=$(jq --raw-output '.user' $CONFIG_PATH)
PASSWORD=$(jq --raw-output '.password' $CONFIG_PATH)
WAIT_TIME=$(jq --raw-output '.seconds' $CONFIG_PATH)

# read data
while true
do
  if OUTPUT="$(/read_my_sensor.sh)"
  then
    mosquitto_pub -h "$MQTT_SERVER" -p "$MQTT_PORT" -u "$USER" -P "$PASSWORD" -t "$TOPIC" -m "$OUTPUT" || true
  else
    echo "$(data) [ERROR] can't read sensor: $OUTPUT"
  fi

  sleep "$WAIT_TIME"
done

Commands

We wait for incoming data from the MQTT broker. We can also use an input_boolean that triggers an automation to publish a custom command to MQTT topic that can process multiple things in one add-on.

Our Dockerfile need to install:

RUN apk --no-cache add jq mosquitto-clients

Now we can process it with run.sh:

#!/bin/bash
set -e

CONFIG_PATH=/data/options.json

# possible options for processing
MQTT_SERVER=$(jq --raw-output '.server' $CONFIG_PATH)
MQTT_PORT=$(jq --raw-output '.port' $CONFIG_PATH)
TOPIC=$(jq --raw-output '.topic' $CONFIG_PATH)
USER=$(jq --raw-output '.user' $CONFIG_PATH)
PASSWORD=$(jq --raw-output '.password' $CONFIG_PATH)

# read data
while read -r message
do
  if [ "$message" == "on" ]; then
    /do_command_on.sh || true
  else
    /do_command_off.sh || true
  fi

done < <(mosquitto_sub -h "$MQTT_SERVER" -p "$MQTT_PORT" -u "$USER" -P "$PASSWORD" -t "$TOPIC" -q 1)