NGINX Configuration


This example demonstrates how you can configure NGINX to act as a proxy for Home Assistant.

This is useful if you want to have:

  • a subdomain redirecting to your home assistant instance
  • several subdomain for several instance
  • HTTPS redirection

Subdomain

So you already have a working NGINX server available at example.org. Your Home Assistant is correctly working on this web server and available at http://localhost:8123

To be able to access to your Home Assistant instance by using https://home.example.org, create file /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/homeassistant (or symlink via /etc/nginx/sites-available) and add the following:

server {
    listen       443 ssl;
    server_name  home.example.org;
    
    ssl on;
    ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/home.example.org/home.example.org-bundle.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/home.example.org/home.example.org.key;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8123/;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
    }

    location /api/websocket {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8123/api/websocket;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;

        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";

    }
}

If you don’t want HTTPS, you can change listen 443 ssl to listen 80 or better, consider redirecting all HTTP to HTTPS. See further down.

Multiple Instance

You already have Home Assistant running on http://localhost:8123 and available at home.example.org as describe before. The configuration file for this Home Assistant is available in /home/alice/.homeassistant/configuration.yaml.

You want another instance available at https://countryside.example.org

You can either :

  • Create a new user, bob, to hold the configuration file in /home/bob/.homeassistant/configuration.yaml and run home assistant as this new user
  • Create another configuration directory in /home/alice/.homeassistan2/configuration.yaml and run home assistant using hass --config /home/alice/.homeassistant2/

In both solution, change port number used by modifying configuration.yaml file.

http:
  server_port: 8124
  ...

Start Home Assistant: Now, you have another instance running on http://localhost:8124

To access this instance by using https://countryside.example.org create the file /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/countryside.example.org (or symlink via /etc/nginx/sites-available) and add the following:

server {
    listen       443 ssl;
    server_name  countryside.example.org;
    
    ssl on;
    ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/countryside.example.org/countryside.example.org-bundle.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/countryside.example.org/countryside.example.org.key;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8124/;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
    }

    location /api/websocket {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8124/api/websocket;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;

        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";

    }
}

HTTP to HTTPS redirection

Add to your /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

server {
    listen       80 default_server;
    server_name  example.tld;

    return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
}