If your Home Assistant instance is only accessible from your local network you can still protect the communication between your browsers and the frontend with SSL/TLS. Let’s encrypt will only work if you have a DNS entry and remote access is allowed. The solution is to use a self-signed certificate. As you most likely don’t have a certification authority (CA) your browser will conplain about the security. If you have a CA then this will not be an issue.
To create a certificate locally, you need the OpenSSL command-line tool.
Change to your Home Assistant configuration directory like
~/.homeassistant. This will make it easier to backup your certificate and the key. Run the command shown below.
The certificate must be
If you are going to use this certificate with the iOS app, you need to ensure you complete all fields during the cetificate creation process, then:
- Send only the
certificate.pemfile to the iOS device, using airdrop or other transfer method.
- Open the
.pemfile on the iOS device, follow the prompts to trust and install it.
- If you are using iOS 10.3 or newer then additional steps are needed.
$ openssl req -sha256 -newkey rsa:4096 -nodes -keyout privkey.pem -x509 -days 730 -out certificate.pem
For details about the parameters, please check the OpenSSL documentation. Provide the requested information during the generation process.
At the end you will have two files called
certificate.pem. The key and the certificate.
http: entry in your
configuration.yaml file and let it point to your created files.
http: api_password: YOUR_SECRET_PASSWORD ssl_certificate: /home/your_user/.homeassistant/certificate.pem ssl_key: /home/your_user/.homeassistant/privkey.pem
A restart of Home Assistant is required for the changes to take effect.
A tutorial “Working with SSL Certificates, Private Keys and CSRs” could give you some insight about special cases.