MQTT Template Light


The mqtt_template light platform lets you control a MQTT-enabled light that receive commands on a command topic and optionally sends status update on a state topic. It is format-agnostic so you can use any data format you want (i.e. string, JSON), just configure it with templating.

This platform supports on/off, brightness, RGB colors, transitions, and short/long flashing.

In an ideal scenario, the MQTT device will have a state topic to publish state changes. If these messages are published with the RETAIN flag, the MQTT light will receive an instant state update after subscription and will start with the correct state. Otherwise, the initial state of the light will be off.

When a state topic is not available, the light will work in optimistic mode. In this mode, the light will immediately change state after every command. Otherwise, the light will wait for state confirmation from the device (message from state_topic).

Optimistic mode can be forced, even if state topic is available. Try enabling it if the light is operating incorrectly.

# Example configuration.yaml entry
light:
  - platform: mqtt_template
    command_topic: "home/rgb1/set"
    command_on_template: "on"
    command_off_template: "off"

Configuration variables:

  • name (Optional): The name of the light. Default is “MQTT Template Light.”
  • command_topic (Required): The MQTT topic to publish commands to change the light’s state.
  • state_topic (Optional): The MQTT topic subscribed to receive state updates.
  • command_on_template (Required): The template for on state changes. Available variables: state, brightness, red, green, blue, flash and transition.
  • command_off_template (Required): The template for off state changes. Available variables: state and transition.
  • state_template (Optional): Template to extract state from the state payload value.
  • brightness_template (Optional): Template to extract brightness from the state payload value.
  • red_template (Optional): Template to extract red color from the state payload value.
  • green_template (Optional): Template to extract green color from the state payload value.
  • blue_template (Optional): Template to extract blue color from the state payload value.
  • optimistic (Optional): Flag that defines if the light works in optimistic mode. Default is true if no state topic or state template is defined, else false.
  • qos (Optional): The maximum QoS level of the state topic. Default is 0 and will also be used to publishing messages.

Make sure that your topics match exact. some-topic/ and some-topic are different topics.

Examples

In this section you find some real life examples of how to use this light.

Simple string payload

For a simple string payload with the format state,brightness,r-g-b (e.g. on,255,255-255-255), add the following to your configuration.yaml file:

# Example configuration.yaml entry
light:
  - platform: mqtt_template
    command_topic: "home/rgb1/set"
    state_topic: "home/rgb1/status"
    command_on_template: "on,{{ brightness|d }},{{ red|d }}-{{ green|d }}-{{ blue|d }}"
    command_off_template: "off"
    state_template: "{{ value.split(',')[0] }}"  # must return `on` or `off`
    brightness_template: "{{ value.split(',')[1] }}"
    red_template: "{{ value.split(',')[2].split('-')[0] }}"
    green_template: "{{ value.split(',')[2].split('-')[1] }}"
    blue_template: "{{ value.split(',')[2].split('-')[2] }}"

JSON payload

For a JSON payload with the format {"state": "on", "brightness": 255, "color": [255, 255, 255]}, add the following to your configuration.yaml file:

# Example configuration.yaml entry
light:
  - platform: mqtt_template
    command_topic: "home/rgb1/set"
    state_topic: "home/rgb1/status"
    command_on_template: >
      {"state": "on"
      {%- if brightness is defined -%}
      , "brightness": {{ brightness }}
      {%- endif -%}
      {%- if red is defined and green is defined and blue is defined -%}
      , "color": [{{ red }}, {{ green }}, {{ blue }}]
      {%- endif -%}
      }
    command_off_template: '{"state": "off"}'
    state_template: '{{ value_json.state }}'
    brightness_template: '{{ value_json.brightness }}'
    red_template: '{{ value_json.color[0] }}'
    green_template: '{{ value_json.color[1] }}'
    blue_template: '{{ value_json.color[2] }}'

No brightness or color support

If you don’t want brightness or color support, just omit the corresponding configuration sections.